Christ – Word Nerd Wednesday

I’m excited to share my friend Sherry Stahl’s thorough research and wise words on what it means that we call the Son of God, Christ.

“This is the record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ,
the son of David, the son of Abraham.”

Matthew 1:1 Berean Study Bible

CHRIST, IS NOT JESUS’ LAST NAME!

We live in a day and age when many people haven’t grown up going to church, studying or even reading the Bible. Sadly, I’ve had a few friends who knew so little about Jesus that they thought Christ was His last name.  Because of the times we live in, we need to go back to the beginning to gain a proper understanding of what the term Christ means, so we can better know who Jesus is!

ORIGINAL WORDS FOR CHRIST

When the word Christ, used here in Matthew 1:1 was written, most people in the region spoke Koine Greek; even Jewish people. So, that’s what the majority of the New Testament was scripted in.

Strong’s Concordance

Christos: the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ

Original Word: Χριστός, οῦ, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Transliteration: Christos
Phonetic Spelling: (khris-tos’)
Definition: the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ
Usage: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ.

HELPS Word-studies

5547 Xristós (from 5548 /xríō, “anoint with olive oil”) – properly, “theAnointed One,” the Christ (Hebrew, “Messiah“).

Christos in the original Greek is defined as:
the Anointed One, Messiah, or Christ.
1

This triple definition is the reason why sometimes Matthew 1:1 is translated as Jesus the Messiah or Jesus Christ and it’s a wonder why some didn’t use the term ‘the Anointed One’ but all these terms were interchangeable.  To the people around when Matthew released this account of Jesus’ life, they understood that Messiah and The Anointed One where synonymous. Christ was just the Greek word to describe these Hebrew titles.

ORIGINS OF ANOINTING

The Old Testament method of anointing was symbolically accomplished by pouring oil over something.  When anointing people, they might just dab a little oil but most commonly they would pour the oil over a person’s head and sometimes over their whole body.2 Whatever was anointed; literally covered in oil, was considered to be holy, consecrated, purified and dedicated to serving God for His purposes.  It was also customary for believers to anoint people for healing and guests to pronounce blessing over their lives.

  • Places (Genesis 28:18; Exodus 30:26; Leviticus 8:10; Numbers 7:1)
  • Priests (Exodus 28:41; 30:30; 40:15; Numbers 3:3)
  • Articles (Exodus 30:26-28; 40:9; Leviticus 8:10; Numbers 7:1)
  • Prophets (1 Kings 19:16; 1 Chronicles 16:22; Psalm 105:15)
  • Kings (1 Samuel 10:1; 1 Samuel 16; 1 Kings 19:16; 2 Kings 9:6)
  • People for Healing (James 5:14, 15; Mk 6:13,17)
  • Guests for Blessing (Luke 7:46)

Just any oil wouldn’t do!

In the Old Testament and during Jesus time, there was a special formula of essential oils, scents and spices used to produce anointing oil.  It had to be crafted like a perfumer would, exactly following the directions given.  Each ingredient used had to be of the choicest, finest ingredients available, nothing but the best for our God!

God took the recipe for His Holy Anointing Oil serious.  He didn’t want anyone using this formula for just any anything. This mixture was only to be used for anointing Priests and God warned people not to use His Signature Blend of essential oils and spices for any other purpose. Although historians differ on what exactly were some of the ingredients, here’s what I found in Scripture and in much research:

HOLY ANOINTING OIL RECIPE
(Ex 30:22-33)

  • 12 ½ pounds Mar Deror (Liquid Myrrh)
  • 6 ¼ pounds Kinnemon (Fragrant Cinnamon)
  • 6 ¼ pounds Fragrant Kaneh Bose (Calamus or Cane)
  • 12 ½ pounds Kiddah (Cassia)
  • 1 Gallon Olive Oil

I’m not sure if you’ve ever used essential oils but their scents are not soft like Eau de Parfum but robust, like a teen boy just starting to wear cologne!  All of the essential oils and spices used in Holy Anointing Oil were powerful scents on their own and combined together… well, let’s just say you could smell them even if you had a cold.  The other relatable fact about essential oils is their cost.  Essential Oils are expensive.  The Anointing comes at a great price, is unmistakably aromatic and powerful! (I hope you’re getting the spiritual applications to all of this.)

JESUS WAS ANOINTED TO SERVE
(Mt 26:6-13/Mk 14:3-9/Lk 7:36-50/Jn 12:1-8/ACTS 10:38)

Isaiah 61:1 prophetically talks about the Messiah, the Christ.  It tells how He will be anointed by God to bring good news to the poor, bind up the broken hearted, proclaim and set people free.  When Jesus started His ministry, He declared that He was the fulfillment to this prophecy of the Anointed One, the Messiah, the Christ.3

In the Bible; people, places, and articles were anointed for a purpose and that purpose was to serve. Jesus was physically anointed to serve the world as saviour in the town of Bethany, by a woman in question. People judged her and her actions for this valiant act but Jesus commended her. This story is so crucial that every one of the gospel writers included the story in their accounts of Jesus’ life and ministry. 

YOUR ANOINTING

If you’ve received Christ, you’re called to be like Him. It’s clear through the words of 1 Peter 2:9 that everyone who comes to faith in Christ is a part of His royal priesthood, to be holy and set apart to serve God in proclaiming Jesus to the world. I hope you’ve connected the dots to recognize that if you’re a priest, you’ve been anointed!  YOU ARE ANOINTED!

“Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He anointed us, set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.”

1 Corinthians 1:21-22 NIV

“But thanks be to God, who in Christ always leads us in triumphal procession, and through us spreads the fragrance of the knowledge of him everywhere.”

2 Corinthians 2:14 ESV

My dear Christian friend, you’re called to bring the light of Christ to the world4 so they can see Him, and the spiritual salt of the earth so people can taste and see that the Lord is good.5 You’re also called to release the aroma of His presence wherever you go! 

So, go… Smell On For Jesus…  Fan the Fragrance…  Accentuate the Aroma… Be the Bouquet ☺ 

OK, I’m joking around but I pray you get the message loud and clear, to spread the fragrance of the knowledge of Christ everywhere

In His Grip,

~Sherry 

What does it mean to you that God is Jesus the Christ? #Christ #wordnerdwednesday #namesofgod Click To Tweet

For more on the victorious aroma of Christ, check out these posts:

Can You Reall Smell God?

Do They Smell Fear or Faith on You?

7 Ways to Smell Like a Christian

The Victorious Aroma of Christ

Meet Sherry

RELATABLE, AUTHENTIC, REFRESHING, INSPIRING

Sherry Stahl

Sherry Stahl is an International Speaker Certified with the John Maxwell Team.  You can find her amusing audiences at Conferences, Retreats, and Women’s Events.  She’s a fun, passionate Bible Teacher whose desire is to lead others to the life-giving Water in the Word! Sherry’s the Author of Water In The Desert with Study Guide & the Soul H2O Women’s Devotional; taken from her refreshing, Award-Winning blog. Sherry’s weekly Soul H2O devotions and Soul H2O Radio(Showreleasing Sept. 7, 2019) bring refreshment to the soul. She’s the VP of Operations for Women In Music & Media (WIMMCanada.ca) and Canadian Ambassador for the Christian Women In Media Assoc. (CWIMA.org).  

ENDNOTES

  1. https://biblehub.com/greek/5547.htm  Bible Hub Website Accessed 2019-07-29 
  2. Exodus 29:7
  3. Luke 4:14-22/Matthew 4:12-17/Mark 1:14-15
  4. Matthew 5:14-16
  5. Psalm 34:8

Research on Christ

https://biblehub.com/greek/5547.htm

Strong’s Concordance

Christos: the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ

Original Word: Χριστός, οῦ, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Transliteration: Christos
Phonetic Spelling: (khris-tos’)
Definition: the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ
Usage: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ.

HELPS Word-studies

5547 Xristós (from 5548 /xríō, “anoint with olive oil”) – properly, “theAnointed One,” the Christ (Hebrew, “Messiah“).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from chrió
Definition
the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ
NASB Translation
Christ (516), Christ’s (11), Messiah (4).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anointing

Anointing is the ritual act of pouring aromatic oil over a person’s head or entire body. [1] By extension, the term is also applied to related acts of sprinkling, dousing, or smearing a person or object with any perfumed oil, milk, butter, or other fat.[2] Scented oils are used as perfumes and sharing them is an act of hospitality. Their use to introduce a divine influence or presence is recorded from the earliest times; anointing was thus used as a form of medicine, thought to rid persons and things of dangerous spirits and demons which were believed to cause disease.

In present usage, “anointing” is typically used for ceremonial blessings such as the coronation of European monarchs. This continues an earlier Hebrew practice most famously observed in the anointings of Aaron as high priest and both Saul and David by the prophet Samuel. The concept is important to the figures of the Messiah and the Christ (Hebrew and Greek for “The Anointed One”) who appear prominently in Jewish and Christian theology and eschatology. Anointing—particularly the anointing of the sick—may also be known as unction; the anointing of the dying as part of last rites in the Catholic church is sometimes specified as “extreme unction“.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_anointing_oil

The holy anointing oil (Hebrew: שמן המשחה shemen ha-mishchah, “oil of anointing”) formed an integral part of the ordination of the priesthood and the High Priest as well as in the consecration of the articles of the Tabernacle(Exodus 30:26) and subsequent temples in Jerusalem. The primary purpose of anointing with the holy anointing oil was to sanctify, to set the anointed person or object apart as qodesh, or “holy” (Exodus 30:29).

Originally, the oil was used exclusively for the priests and the Tabernacle articles, but its use was later extended to include kings (I Samuel 10:1). It was forbidden to be used on an outsider (Exodus 30:33) or to be used on the body of any common person (Ex. 30:32a) and the Israelites were forbidden to duplicate any like it for themselves (Ex. 30:32b).

Christianity has continued the practice of using holy anointing oil as a devotional practice, as well as in various liturgies.[1]

The holy anointing oil described in Exodus 30:22-25 was created from:[2][3]

  • Pure myrrh (מר דרור mar deror) 500 shekels (about 6 kg)
  • Sweet cinnamon (קינמון בשם kinnemon besem) 250 shekels (about 3 kg)
  • Kaneh bosem (קְנֵה-בֹשֶׂם kaneh bosm) 250 shekels (about 3 kg)
  • Cassia (קדה kiddah) 500 shekels (about 6 kg)
  • Olive oil (שמן זית shemen zayit) one hin (about 6 liters, or 5.35kg)

The Hebrew term “Messiah” (in Greek Christos) means “the anointed one”, and relates to anyone anointed (dedicated to God). The person thus anointed might be a king, a priest, or a prophet.[4][5]

Ronald F. Youngblood, general editor; F.F. Bruce and R.K. Harrison, consulting editors, Nelson’s new illustrated Bible dictionary: An authoritative one-volume reference work on the Bible with full color illustrations [computer file], electronic edition of the revised edition of Nelson’s illustrated Bible dictionary, Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1995.

Term Messiah “borrowed from the Hebrew word for anointing” 

“OT prophetic descriptions of the Messiah vary widely in emphasis and content.  Often depicted as a great and just king (Ps 2, 7, 72,110; Zech 3),”

“he invariably enjoys a unique relationship with God the Father”

“and is fully endowed with extraordinary spiritual and charismatic gifts (Is 7:14,9:1-6,11:1-5;Mic 5:1)”

(Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, Elwell.  Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1984, p. 51)

Cinnamon. A member of the laurel family, the cinnamon tree grew to be more than 9 meters (30 feet) tall with white flowers and wide-spreading branches. A native of Ceylon, the cinnamon tree produced bark and oil that was used for the anointing oil (Ex. 30:23) and as perfume (Prov. 7:17; Rev. 18:13).

Myrrh. An extract from a stiff-branched tree with white flowers and plum-like fruit. After myrrh was extracted from the wood, it soon hardened and was valued as an article of trade. It was an ingredient used in anointing oil (Ex. 30:23), and was used as perfume (Ps. 45:8; Prov. 7:17; Song 3:6), in purification rites for women (Esth. 2:12), as a gift for the infant Jesus (Matt. 2:11), and in embalming (John 19:39). According to the Gospel of Mark (15:23), the drink offered to Jesus before His crucifixion was “wine mingled with myrrh.”

Cassia. A plant with a flavor and aroma similar to cinnamon, but considered inferior. Some believe it could be the Indian perfume called orris. Moses included cassia in the anointing oil (Ex. 30:24).

Olive. A fruit-bearing tree about six meters (20 feet) tall with a gnarled, twisted trunk, white flowers, and berries that ripen to a black color. The olive tree grew slowly and continued to bear fruit after reaching a great age. Before it died, new branches sprouted from its roots.

The fruit was harvested by beating the boughs of the olive tree with a stick (Deut. 24:20), or by shaking the tree (Is. 17:6). The ripe fruit was enjoyed fresh, and the green fruit was often pickled or made into a relish.

The best oil was obtained from the green olive fruit. It was used as fuel for lamps (Ex. 27:20), as anointing oil (Lev. 2:1), as an article of commerce (1 Kin. 5:11), and for dressing wounds (Luke 10:34).

Olive trees were cultivated in groves or orchards (Ex. 23:11; Josh. 24:13). The most famous olive garden mentioned in the Bible is Gethsemane, meaning “oil press” (Matt. 26:36).

Queen Elizabeth Anointed with Oil

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronation_of_Elizabeth_II

Christ Word Nerd Wednesday Names of God

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